Skip to Main Content

APA Support Centre: Images, Infographics, Maps, Charts & Tables

Citing Images, Infographics, Charts, Tables, & Graphs

Reproducing vs Just Citing 

►Reproducing Images, Infographics, Charts, Tables & Graphs

​Reproducing happens when you copy or recreate an image, infographic, table, graph, or chart that is not your original creation. If you reproduce one of these works in your assignment:

  1. Assign each a figure or table number, in bold and left-aligned.
  2. Include a title of the figure or table in italics.
  3. Reproduce the image.
  4. Create an attribution note underneath the image, infographic, chart, table or graph to show where you found it. (See: Creating the Attribution Note box on this page)
  5. Cite the image in your Reference List. Use the citation format of the source where the image is found. (E.g., if you find the image on a website, cite the website). 

Referring to Figures and Tables in Your Paper

Use the format (see Figure #) to refer to figures and tables within your paragraphs.

Placing Figures and Tables in Your Paper

There are two options for embedding the images in your paper:

  • Option 1: Add the images within the body of your text after the figure number is first mentioned.
  • Option 2: Add the images (each on a separate page) after the Reference List.

►Citing Information From an Image, Infographic, Chart, Table or Graph (Not Reproducing It)

​This happens if you only cite information from an image, infographic, chart, table, or graph and do not reproduce it in your paper:

  1. Provide an in-text citation. Use the citation format of the source where the image is found. (E.g., if you find the image on a website, use the in-text citation of a website). 
  2. Cite the image in your Reference List. Use the citation format of the source where the image is found. (E.g., if you find the image on a website, cite the website). 

Examples of Reproducing Images and Tables

Note that you would also cite all of these in your Reference List. For how to cite each source, go to How Do I Cite... and choose the resource where you found the image (e.g., website, journal article, book)


Example: Reproducing a map from Google Maps

Figure 1​

Street Map of Seneca College Newnham Campus  

Map of Seneca Newnham Campus 

Note. From Google Maps, by Google (

Example: Adapting a table from a journal

Table 1​

Comparison of Antimicrobial Resistant Genes in Chicken Gut Microbiome Grown on Organic and Conventional Diet

Antibiotics Conventional Diet
Amoxicillan ampC, sugE
Penicillin ampC, sugE

 Note. Adapted from "Comparison of Antimicrobial Resistant Genes in Chicken Gut Microbiome Grown on Organic and Conventional Diet," by N. V. Hegde, S. Kariyawasam, C. DebRoy, Veterinary and Animal Science1-2, p. 13, ( CC BY.

Example: Reproducing an image from an eBook from a website

Figure 2​

A Model of Right-Wing Authoritarianism

 Example of copyright attribution for image from an eBook

Note. From "Karl Marx in the Age of Big Data and Capitalism," by C. Fuchs, in C. Fuchs and D. Chandler (Eds.), Digital Objects, Digital Subjects: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Capitalism, Labour and Politics in the Age of Big Data (p. 66), University of Westminster Press ( CC BY-NC.

Creating the Attribution Note

Example of a completed attribution note

Elements to Include:


Include a description of your image, ending with a period.

►"From" or "Adapted from"

If your are reusing the exact image, start the copyright attribution statement with From. If you are recreating an image, start the statement with Adapted from

►Citation Information

Here you will be including all the elements of your Reference List citation, but in a slightly different order and using different capitalization rules for the title of the journal article. Use the order of: "Title of Article" by A. B. Author and C. D. Author, year, Title of Journal, Volume, p. xx.


"Sleep Deprivation in New Mothers" by A. Georgievski, 2016, Postpartum Journal, 7, p. 32.

►Copyright Information

Include one of the following in the copyright note:

  • Copyright year by Name of Copyright Holder.

    • The copyright holder of a journal article is the publisher of a journal, usually found at the bottom of the journal's website, next to the copyright symbol.

    • Example: Copyright 2020 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 

  • In the public domain.

  • Creative Commons license (e.g., CC BY) 

►Permission Statement (optional)

Include a permission statement if you received permission from the copyright owner to use their work. Indicate the permission statement by including one of the following:

  • Reprinted with permission.

  • Adapted with permission.

►Note about including your own photos

If the photograph is your own, you do not need to cite it or include a figure note. However, Seneca Libraries recommends adding a figure note beneath the image that reads "Photograph by author".

Am I Allowed to Use this Image?

​Some images you may want to reproduce in your work are protected by copyright and may require permission from the copyright owner.

To find royalty-free and Creative Commons licensed materials you can use in your course work, check out: